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What is Graphology?

Graphology is the study of a person's character through the medium of his or her handwriting.  Our handwriting develops from early childhood when we first pick up a pen or pencil and begin to scribble.  The pen is controlled by the muscles in our fingers, hands and arms, all of which are controlled by our brains.  Thus the manner in which the words are formed bears a direct relationship to the mind that guides the pen during their formation, so theoretically handwriting can reveal the mental condition of the writer.  In other words, it is a guide to the emotions, willpower and intellect of the writer.

The study of handwriting is based upon a general style of writing, the size and shape of the individual letters, the alignment of those letters and the spaces between words and lines etc.  It is also important to know the age and educational standards of the writer, because an old person’s hand may well be shaky when compared with that of a relatively younger person.

Through the means of this study, a graphologist can gain an insight into a person's character, mentality, and attitude or aptitude towards a particular field or profession, and much more.  Many of the world's major companies now employ a graphologist to assess a candidate prior to making any new senior appointments.

There are many sites on the internet specialising in graphology, so I am only providing a basic guide to the many different types of handwriting.

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Types of Handwriting


If the handwriting is generally upright, this indicates independence.  A right slant indicates a response to communication, but not how it takes place.  For example, the writer may wish to be friendly, manipulative, responsive, to sell, to control, to be loving, supportive, to name just a few possibilities.  A left slant shows emotion and reserve.  This writer needs to be true to himself first and foremost, and can be resentful should others try to push for more commitment from him.


Handwriting is comprised of three zones - or cases – upper, middle, and lower.  A basic benchmark, by which size can be judged, is 3mm per zone, giving an average full height of 9mm.  More than this is large; less than this is small.

  • The upper zone consists of letters such as b, h, l, t, etc.
  • The lower zone consists of letters such as g, p, y, etc.
  • The middle zone consists of letters such as a, c, e, etc.

The lengths and shapes of the upper and lower loops have various meanings within the context of the script.  The middle zone in the script represents the ego.

Large handwriting can indicate an extrovert and outgoing personality, or it could indicate that the writer puts on an act of confidence, although this behaviour might not be exhibited to strangers.

Small handwriting, logically, can mean the opposite.  Small handwriting can also indicate a deep thinker or an academic, depending upon other features in the script.

If the writing is small and delicate, the writer is unlikely to be a good communicator with anyone other than those on their own particular wavelength.  These people do not generally find it easy to break new ground socially.


Heavy pressure indicates commitment and taking things seriously, but if the pressure is excessively heavy, the writer gets very uptight at times, and can react quickly to what they see as criticism, even though none may have been intended.  These writers react first and ask questions afterwards.

Light pressure shows sensitivity to atmosphere and empathy to people, but can also show lack of vitality if the pressure is uneven.

Other Considerations

Other things a graphologist will take into consideration when analysing someone’s handwriting are:

  • Word Spacing.
  • Line Spacing.
  • Page Margins.
  • Arcade handwriting - This is when the middle zone of the writing is humped and rounded at the top.
  • Garland handwriting - Garland is basically an inverted 'arcade' and is known as a people-orientated script.
  • Angled handwriting - Angled middle zone is the analytical style, the sharp points, rather than curves, give the impression of probing.
  • Thread handwriting - Thread handwriting is like unravelled wool, waiting to be made up into something fresh.
  • Wavyline handwriting - Wavyline handwriting is often an amalgam of all or most of the other forms and is usually written by people who are mentally mature and skilful.

The above details should give you some idea of just what must be taken into consideration by a graphologist before he/she can provide a true interpretation of a person's character from the script they provide for analysis.

Click HERE to download instructions for conducting a personal self-analysis of your own handwriting by businessballs.com (you can find it on the first line of the second paragraph).

The British Academy of Graphology (BAOG) was established in 1985.  It is the most Academic and eminent graphological organisation in the English-speaking world, and the founder member of the Association Déontologique Européenne de Graphologues (ADEG).  It also sets the qualifying and ethical statutes of the profession in Great Britain.  The function of the BAOG is to promote a greater understanding of the 'science' of graphology.  The Diploma of the BAOG is recognised throughout Europe and highly acclaimed in other English speaking countries.

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